Not every city that proffered an invitation to Lincoln was accepted. For instance, the city of Boston's request for a Lincoln visit was rejected.
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The completion of the Erie Canal in , followed closely by the railroad expansions1, opened up the interior of the country to development. Immigrants flocked not only to the frontier lands but also into central and western New York. Buffalo, sitting on the shores of Lake Erie, was the terminus for the Canal. In just a few short years it was transformed from a crude frontier village into a strong, vibrant city and the most important port on the Great Lakes. At the other end of the state was Albany.
Although having been settled since the 17th century, it wasn't until the opening of the Canal that it developed into a major economic and commercial center. Other areas of the state also experienced exponential growth. By , Rochester, Syracuse and Utica had tripled their population. Even New York City, already a major port in the country, was affected. The opening of the western markets expanded even more the city's role as it became THE financial, commercial, insurance and manufacturing center for the country and the world.
New York State had truly become "The Empire State", that vital link between America's heartland and the commerce of the world. New York State, however, played a considerable role in the journey. Almost half of the twelve nights, more than forty percent, were spent in the state's cities — two nights in Buffalo, one in Albany and two more in New York City.
Extract from John Fagant, the Best of the Bargain, The Erie made use of the favorable conditions of New York's unique topography, which provided that area with the only break in the Appalachians south of the Saint Lawrence River. The Erie Canal was completed in It helped New York City become a financial capital. Many abandoned sections most notably between Rochester and Rome have been filled in to create roads such as Columbia street in Clyde, NY. Initially, William Wood proved a thorough, if somewhat overzealous, organizer.
First he personally surveyed the complex array of railroad lines over which the presidential special would ride on the circuitous trip from Springfield to Washington. Knowing better than most that the nation's rapidly expanding rail systems were still dizzyingly incompatible in terms of track gauge, equipment, even local time zone, Wood successfully chose a route that offered Lincoln ample time for full exposure in major cities without delaying his arrival in Washington The train was announced at Clyde at 8. The stop for wood and water would last exactly five minutes.
The Daguerreian artist needed premeditation. Newman Prest.
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
Indiana Central Rail Road Co. One car to be set apart for yourself and suit free of charge. They suppose you would prefer passing over the route in daylight, that your friends may have an opportunity of taking you by the hand at the different stations on the line.
There is no portion of the great North West, wherein you have more devoted friends than in Indiana, and in the line of Road over which you would pass, should you visit our State. With my best wishes for your success personally and the success of your Administration I remain Your friend Sol. Marshal, introduced Lincoln when he spoke in Indianapolis during his journey to Washington in February The "Dean Richmond" locomotive would carry the President-elect to Rochester.
Lincoln, elected on the Republican Party line, was being pulled across the state by a locomotive named after one of New York State's leading Democrats. That is exactly how Lincoln would have wanted it to be. Zenas C.
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Priest D. Priest Major Priest C. Frank Klock. From this place it proceeded as before upon the inaugural route under the superintendency of Mr. William S. It passed Fairport at '7. From this village it de- parted at 8. Connected to the locomotive was the baggage car. Part of it was fitted up to be used as a smoking car. The one in the rear was the sleeping car used by Lincoln and his family. It "was gorgeously fitted up with sofas, centre tables, mirrors and carpets. So also were Governor Morgan's escort and the press from the various cities.
By far, the vast majority of the 65 or so passengers were stuffed into this coach. Why was there only one car used for the invited guests? On the journey from Cleveland to Buffalo, two cars were used. As the journey progressed across the country, there had been issues with more than an expected amount of committee members traveling along. Lincoln had less rest between Cleveland and Buffalo than at any other portion of his route. William Wood, Superintendent of Arrangements for the journey, released a dispatch for the Associated Press which read, in part — "Serious inconvenience has already been occasioned by the unnecessary number of Committeemen who throng the cars — three gentlemen being able to do the work more efficiently than twenty, which is the usual number.
Two cars will compose the special train hereafter. No change whatever will be made to the programme now adopted, and a thoughtful attention to these suggestions will contribute greatly to the comfort and health of Mr. Lincoln, who is physically far from adequate to the demands made upon his strength.
Wood set the rules to have only one car supplied for the Committee's use The car in the rear was the sleeping car used by Lincoln and his family. We observed the cut corners of the cut, with relief motives. We also observe the shape of the roof upon the platform.
By William H. Herndon And Jesse W. Weik
Harper, Lincoln and the Press, , p. In Pullman quickly copied the idea, secured a monopoly and became a multi-millionaire. The Brantford History gives the names of thirteen men who built the car: Thomas Burnley, whose son A. Burnley still resides here, had charge of the construction and the others employed on the job were A.
Box, S. Gill, R. Holmes, W. Rowan, G. Clifford, F.
The Last Stop: Lincoln and the Mud Circuit
Lundy, J. Nickelson, G. Couch, J. Hassall, J. Gibson and C.
Penfold, while C. Lowes carved the feathers. The order for a special car to accommodate the future King on his visit to Canada in was placed with the Brantford shops in and the idea of introducing sleeping bunks was evolved in the designing department. They made such a good job of it that people from a wide area came to see the progress of their labors. One of these was George M. Pullman, who was then associated with the construction of frame railway depots in this part of Canada, and it is related that he manifested a particular interest in the novel idea of the sleeping arrangement.
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It was in the same year that Pullman took out his first U. It is certain, and beyond any manner of dispute that Edward V1l, when Prince of Wales, and members of his entourage were the first to rest in bunks while traveling at night and that this pioneer "sleeper" was designed and built in Brantford. When the coach was ultimately dismantled Mr. Burnley secured the badge of the Prince The exterior of the car, which is 46 feet long by 10 feet wide, presents a splendid appearance.
Each side is divided into five large panels, painted blue, and having sweeping moldings, edged with gold. In the centre panel is the Royal Arms, most exquisitely painted, and immediately over it the Coronet of the Prince of Wales, elegantly carved, painted white, tipped with gold, the shield enriched with decorations in gold, and bearing the motto of the Prince of Wales.
The car has a double roof for the purpose of, thorough ventilation, the upper one being supported by beautifully cut gilt brackets. The ventilation has been well provided for.